Sie sind vermutlich noch nicht im Forum angemeldet - Klicken Sie hier um sich kostenlos anzumelden  
Sie können sich hier anmelden
Dieses Board hat 855 Mitglieder
31 Beiträge & 31 Themen
Beiträge der letzten Tage
Foren Suche
  • Taxation in IrelandDatum25.05.2023 14:29
    Thema von MartinRoberts im Forum Dies ist ein Forum in...

    After the state weathered the tax crisis of the 1980s, it gradually began expanding the corporate tax base. Between 1982 and 1986 there were some restrictions on tax-based funding. Then, in the late 1980s and early 1990s, there was a general change in industrial policy that broadened the corporate tax base. Generally, Irish corporation tax is levied on worldwide profits. It is made up of taxable profits and income from companies resident in the country. Foreign companies, on the other hand, are subject to corporation tax on their creditable profits.

    Ireland has a specific corporate tax code which includes four basic tax credits aimed at achieving specific policy objectives: the Knowledge Development Box (KDB), the Development (R&D) Tax Credit aimed at reducing business expenditure on research and development (BERD ) to increase. However, partnerships, such as self-employed persons or sole proprietorships, cannot be subject to corporate income tax. This means that profits and profits from trading by companies are considered income subject to income tax.

    Ireland's tax system is progressive, meaning that the higher the income, the higher the tax rate applicable to that income. Data collected last year (2016) shows ( that the tax a person pays on half the average income is the second lowest in the OECD (34 countries in total), which is 1/10th the Danish tax rate, for example .

    Types of taxes in Ireland
    Ireland has several types of taxes: an income tax, a value added tax (VAT), corporation tax and also Universal Social Charge (USC) on your earned income and Pay Related Social Insurance (PRSI).

    Corporate taxes
    Since the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922, a tax on corporate income levied by the Irish authorities has been authorised. There is also an Article 74 of the Irish Free State Constitution which contains provisions for transitional provisions in relation to the levying and collection of taxes previously imposed under British administration in Ireland.

    The common corporate tax rate for qualifying dividends from EU and tax treaty jurisdictions is set at 12.5%. However, a 25% corporation tax is levied on all passive income. However, companies may be subject to other taxes. For example, stamp duty on the transfer of property - the rate is 1-2%, local property taxes with the rate - 0.18-0.25%. There are also industry-specific taxes set in the country. This can be a ship tonnage tax or a construction tax, for example.

    In addition, there is a special tax that applies to certain petroleum activities depending on the profit yield of a location. Therefore, the applicable tax rate can vary between 25% and 40%. Another example is a carbon tax levied on mineral oils such as kerosene or car fuel that can be bought in Ireland. The rates of these taxes are EUR 20 per tonne of CO2 emitted.

    Value added tax
    VAT in Ireland can be described as a consumption tax which is charged on the added value of available goods and services and can be applied to almost anything that this country offers and sells for use or consumption. The applicable VAT rate in the country is 23%. However, different tax rates may apply depending on the type of goods or services provided.

    Income tax
    Everyone resident in Ireland must pay their worldwide income taxes. The basic requirement is that you have lived in Ireland for at least 183 days in a tax year or at least 280 days in the tax year and the preceding tax year. If this figure is less than this an individual will be regarded as non-resident for tax purposes and only have to pay tax on income earned in Ireland. Income tax rates are: up to EUR 33 800 – 20% and over EUR 33 800 – 40%. There is a special Pay As You Earn (PAYE) scheme set up in the country administered by the Irish Tax and Customs Board.

    Earnings Related Social Insurance (PRSI)
    PRSI payments can be considered part of the Social Insurance Fund (SIF). This fund provides assistance by paying social benefits and pensions. It is paid by all working residents, except for those earning EUR 38 or more per week by working full-time or part-time, workers who are self-employed and whose annual income is EUR 5,000 or more, and people aged 16 or over are older or have not yet reached retirement age

  • Education of JordanDatum28.03.2023 11:36
    Thema von MartinRoberts im Forum Dies ist ein Forum in...

    Adult literacy rate in Jordan is 97.7%. Male literacy is 97.7%. Female literacy is 92.9%. Therefore, male literacy and female literacy differ by 4.8%. Government expenditure on education is 6.8% of GDP. The education index of Jordan is 0.7 - formal education levels in the country are average, but most of the population has a secondary school education at least; higher education is possible and not uncommon. People in Jordan speak the Arabic language.

    English language
    In Jordan, around 0% of the population or 2,969,370 people speak English. 2,969,370 of Jordan's population use English as either foreign or second language.

  • Agriculture of New ZealandDatum19.02.2023 12:15
    Thema von MartinRoberts im Forum Dies ist ein Forum in...

    There are 33395 km² of cultivated land in New Zealand, and it comprises 13% of the country's total territory. In New Zealand, permanent crops occupy 18547 km² of the land. This comprises 7% of the country's total territory. There are 14848 km² of arable land in New Zealand. and it comprises 6% of the country's total territory. 7% of the population are working in agriculture. There are around 76000 tractors in use in the country.

  • Thema von MartinRoberts im Forum Dies ist ein Forum in...

    Some business people find that virtual offices are an easy and inexpensive way to go global. Others feel that it offers the ability to maintain the most important thing required for successful e-commerce and marketing today - a business presence that can be established in any market.

    According to Wikipedia and Investopedia, the virtual office offers address and communication services for a fee without providing dedicated office space as it is a business location that only exists in cyberspace and allows employees and business owners to work from anywhere using technological means to work – personal computer, laptop, notebook or tablet.

    Benefits of using a virtual office
    A full application of a virtual office term can include live professional communication. This means that all business appointments can be conducted online via telephone and video conference. Business documents can be shared, signed and sent electronically. There are some significant benefits of doing business in cyberspace.

    Most important might be the fact that if the company has several or more employees, each of them can do their work from the place that is most convenient for him or her, while having the right to their own lifestyle, sleeping and resting Habits and other requirements, which can be individually adapted, are preserved. This means the company is not limited to hiring by expanding employee employment opportunities and corporate hiring opportunities.

    This way of transacting and arranging business is creating new professional fields as professional as remote receptionists who can use high tech computer phone integration software to communicate with customers, virtual assistants who don't have to meet their customers in person and assist them instead virtual and other members of the virtual team.

    Virtual teams can offer services such as answering machines and call centers operating from a central location to receive and transmit large numbers of inquiries over the phone, voicemail, which is basically a low-cost technology service that stores voice messages electronically , Voicemail messages can also be converted to e-mail letters to ensure high virtual mobility, virtual office space, ensuring a chance to own a high-profile, respected address in a city of the employee's choice, telephone answering service providing the Gap between the employee and bridges his or her customers.

    In general, the creation of virtual offices aims to increase and increase efficiency while combining home and work together. It saves money, increases mobility and allows for cost-effective expansion without long-term commitments, keeping office costs to a minimum.

    Disadvantages of using a virtual office
    The other side of a virtual office is that it lacks centralization, which creates difficulties when daily work meetings and appointments are reduced. Employees have to be very proactive here in order to maintain the existing structure. The lack of interaction can also increase when there is no planned everyday communication. These are the interactions that come with a traditional work environment, like lunch breaks and conversations with coworkers about work, life, and relationships. When working remotely, communication in general can also be difficult.

    The lack of a face-to-face meeting increases the likelihood of misunderstandings and misinterpretations, since in this case words sent via email or written can lack the non-verbal cues and tone of voice that could make it easier to understand what the person said and how he said it or she feels.

    There is also a lack of opportunities to plan and schedule meetings, for example to meet a client at short notice, as it is not possible to arrange meetings in a specific location called an office space or office building.

  • Demographics of ParaguayDatum01.11.2022 14:28
    Thema von MartinRoberts im Forum Dies ist ein Forum in...

    The total population of Paraguay is 6,896,908 people. The people of Paraguay speak the Spanish and Paraguayan Guarani languages. Paraguay's linguistic diversity is quite diverse according to a fractionation scale, which for Paraguay is 0.5975. The average age is about 26.8 years. Life expectancy in Paraguay is 72.19. The female fertility rate in Paraguay is 2.8. About 18% of Paraguay's population is obese. Ethnic diversity is nearly uniform according to a fractionation scale, which is 0.1689 for Paraguay. Details of the language, religion, age, gender distribution and advancement of the people of Paraguay can be found in the sections below, as well as the section on education in the country.

    In Paraguay, the population density is 16.4 people per square kilometer (43 per square mile). Based on these statistics, this country is considered sparsely populated. The total population of Paraguay is 6,896,908 people. Paraguay has approximately 185,776 foreign immigrants. Immigrants in Paraguay make up 0.1 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Immigrants in Paraguay account for 2.8 percent of the total number of immigrants worldwide. Paraguay's ethnic diversity is nearly uniform according to an ethnicity-based fractionation scale. Ethnic Fractionation (EF) deals with the number, size, socioeconomic distribution, and geographic location of diverse cultural groups, usually within a state or some other demarcated area. Specific cultural characteristics can refer to language, skin color, religion, ethnicity, customs and traditions, history, or other distinctive criteria, alone or in combination. These characteristics are often used for social exclusion and power monopolization. The index of ethnic fractionation in Paraguay is 0.1689. This means that the people living in Paraguay come from a narrow group of ethnic groups, all of which are related to one another. EF is usually measured as 1 minus the Herfindahl concentration index of ethnolinguistic group proportions, which reflects the probability that two randomly drawn individuals from the population belong to different groups. The theoretical maximum of EF of 1 means that each person belongs to a different group. Read below Paraguay statistics on average age and gender distribution at different ages.

    The average age is about 26.8 years. The average age of men is 26.6 years and the average age of women is 27 years.

    The sex ratio, or number of males per female (estimated at birth), is 1.05. It can be further broken down into the following categories: sex ratio below 15 - 1.03; sex ratio from 15 to 64 - 1.01; sex ratio over 64 - 0.86; Overall sex ratio - 1.01. The overall sex ratio differs from the sex ratio estimated at birth. This is because some newborns are included in the sex ratio estimated at birth, but die within the first few weeks of life and are not included in the overall sex ratio.

    Paraguay's majority religion is Christianity, whose adherents make up 96.9% of all religious believers in the country. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the largest religion in the world with over 2.4 billion followers known as Christians. Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the Savior of mankind, whose coming as Christ or Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. In addition to Christianity, there are some followers of Judaism in Paraguay. Paraguay's religious diversity is vaguely diverse according to a fractionation scale based on the number of religions in Paraguay. The religious fractionalization index in Paraguay is 0.2123. This score means that within the country there is a major belief with a few other subordinate beliefs.

    General development
    Paraguay is considered a developing country. A nation's level of development is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality and quality of life. As a developing country, Paraguay may not be able to provide consistent social services to its citizens. These social services can include things like public education, reliable health care, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing countries can have a lower rate

  • Economy of NicaraguaDatum25.09.2022 15:50
    Thema von MartinRoberts im Forum Dies ist ein Forum in...

    Nicaragua is considered a developing country. A nation's level of development is determined by a number of factors including, but not limited to, economic prosperity, life expectancy, income equality and quality of life. As a developing country, Nicaragua may not be able to provide consistent social services to its citizens. These social services can include things like public education, reliable health care, and law enforcement. Citizens of developing countries can have a lower life expectancy than citizens of developed countries. Nicaragua exports about US$2.4 billion and imports about US$5.65 billion each year. 4.4% of the country's population is unemployed. The total number of unemployed in Nicaragua is 276,529. In Nicaragua, 29.6% of the population lives below the poverty line. The percentage of citizens living below the poverty line in Nicaragua is quite high, but nothing to worry about when it comes to investing. Potential lenders should look at other economic indicators, including GDP, the rate of urbanization and the strength of the currency, before making investment decisions. Government spending on education is 3.9% of GDP. The country's Gini index is 40.5. Nicaragua experiences poor equality. The gap between the richest and poorest citizens in this country is quite palpable. Nicaragua has a Human Development Index (HDI) of 0.614. Nicaragua has an upper middle HDI value. This indicates that the majority of citizens will be able to lead a worthwhile life, although some citizens will not be able to achieve a high standard of living. The Global Peace Index (GPI) for Nicaragua is 1.947. Due to the strong presence of the law enforcement authorities and the high social responsibility, Nicaragua is very safe in international comparison. The Strength Laws Index for Nicaragua is 1. Overall, it is considered rather weak - bankruptcy and collateral laws fail to protect borrowers' and lenders' rights in the event of credit-related complications; Credit information, if any, is scarce and difficult to access.

    The currency of Nicaragua is Nicaraguan Cordoba. The plural form of the word Nicaraguan Cordoba is cordobas. The symbol used for this currency is C$ and is abbreviated as NIO. Nicaraguan Cordoba is divided into centavos; There are 100 in a Cordoba.

    Credit rating
    Nicaragua's credit rating depth index is 8, which means that the information is mostly sufficient and fairly detailed; Accessibility is not a problem. According to the rating agency Moody's, Nicaragua has a credit rating of B3 and the prospects for this rating are stable.

    Central bank
    In Nicaragua, the institution that administers the state's currency, money supply, and interest rates is called the Central Bank of Nicaragua. Locally, the central bank of Nicaragua is called the Banco Central de Nicaragua. The average interest rate on deposits offered by local banks in Nicaragua is 1%.

    National debt
    Nicaragua has a public debt of 46.6% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) as estimated in 2012.

    Control information
    The corporate tax in Nicaragua is 30%. Sales tax in Nicaragua is 15%.

Inhalte des Mitglieds MartinRoberts
Beiträge: 6
Xobor Erstelle ein eigenes Forum mit Xobor